Praise be to Allah, Rabb of the worlds. Salawat and greetings to our Prophet Muhammad, his family and friends.
Alhamdulillah, currently we are still discussing gifts on birthdays. We have entered the discussion of aqiqah. On this occasion we will continue to discuss the types and numbers of animals that he qiqqah. Hopefully this is useful for loyal readers of Rumaysho.com.
The Ulama's Disputes Regarding the Number of Animals that are Diaqiqah
Whether one goat is slaughtered during aqiqah or two, there is a disagreement between the scholars here. Imam Malik argued that men and women were qiqahi with one goat each. As for Imam Asy Shafi'i, Abu Tsaur, Abu Daud, and Imam Ahmad, argued that men should qiqahi with two goats, while women with one goat.
The above disputes stem from different propositions in the matter. There are several propositions used, namely as follows.
The first proposition: Hadith Ummu Kurz Al Ka'biyyah radhiyallahu 'anha.
عَنْ أُمِّ كُرْزٍ الْكَعْبِيَّةِ قَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يَشُول رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يَشُو قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ سَمِعْتُ أَحْمَدَ قَالَ مُكَافِئَتَانِ أَىْ مُسْتَوِيَتَانِ أَوْ مُقَارِبَتَانِ.
From Umm Kurz Al Ka'biyyah, he said, I heard Rasulullah sallallahu wa 'alaihi wa sallam say, "For boys, two goats are the same and for girls one goat." Abu Daud said, I heard Ahmad say, "Mukafiatani is the same or close to each other." (Narrated by Abu Daud no. 2834 and Ibn Majah no. 3162. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith is authentic)
Second proposition:Hadith of Ummul Mukminin, 'Aisyah radhiyallahu' anha
أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- أَمَرَهُمْ عَنِ الْغُلاَمِ شَاتَانِ مُكَافِئَتَانِ وَعَنِ الْجارِيَعَنِ الْاةار
"Rasululllah sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam ordered them, for the boys of aqiqah with two goats and girls with one goat." (Narrated by Tirmidhi no. 1513. At Tirmidhi said that this hadith is authentic. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith is authentic)
These two hadiths clearly distinguish between the aqiqah of boys and girls. A boy with two goats, while a girl with one goat.
The third proposition:Hadith 'Abdullah bin' Abbas radhiyallahu 'anhuma
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- عَقَّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ وَالْحُسَيْبْ كَبْشًا عَا.
From Ibn 'Abbas, he said, "The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- once excused Al Hasan and Al Husain, one sheep each." (Narrated by Abu Daud no. 2841. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith is authentic. However, the narration which states with two goats is the more authentic)
But in the history of An Nasai lafazh,
عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ عَقَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمنَ عَنْ الْحَسَنِ وَالْحُسَيِِْْْْْْ
From Ibn 'Abbas, he said, "The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- once beat Al Hasan and Al Husain, two sheep each." (Narrated by An Nasai no. 4219. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith is authentic)
The hadith of Ibn 'Abbas issued by Abu Daud is what Imam Malik holds to state that the aqiqah of a boy is the same as a girl, namely with one goat. Which one is right in this problem?
Strongest Opinion on the Issue of Number of Aqiqah Animals
Regarding the hadith of Ibn 'Abbas issued by Abu Daud above, Shaykh Muhammad Nashiruddin Al Albani rahimahullah said,
صحيح لكن في رواية النسائي: كبشين كبشين. وهو الأصح
"The hadith of Ibn 'Abbas issued by Abu Daud is authentic. However, in An Nasai's history it is said that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam slaughtered two goats each. This is a more authentic history. "
Ibn Hajar Al Asqolani rahimahullah explained,
وهذه الأحاديث حجة للجمهور في التفرقة بين الغلام والجارية, وعن مالك هما سواء فيعق عن كل واحد منهما شاة, واحتج له بما جاء "أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عق عن الحسن والحسين كبشا كبشا" أخرجه أبو داود ولا حجة فيه فقد أخرجه أبو الشيخ من وجه آخر عن عكرمة عن ابن عباس بلفظ "كبشين كبشين" وأخرج أيضا من طريق عمرو بن شعيب عن أبيه عن جده مثله, وعلى تقدير ثبوت رواية أبي داود فليس في الحديث ما يرد به الأحاديث المتواردة في التنصيص على التثنية للغلام, بل غايته أن يدل على جَوَاز الِاقْتِصَار ، وَهُوَ كَذَلِكَ ، فَإِنَّ الْعَدَد لَيْسَ شَرْطًا بَلْ مُسْتَحَبّ
"These hadiths (a kind of hadith from Umm Kurz, -pen) are a strong argument for the jumhur (majority) of scholars in distinguishing aqiqah for boys and girls. However, Imam Malik was of the opinion that aqiqah in both of them is the same. Imam Malik argued with the hadith that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam taqiqahi Al Hasan and Al Husain with one goat each. This hadith was issued by Abu Daud, but it cannot be used as an argument. There is also a history issued by Abusy Shaykh from another route from 'Ikrimah from Ibn' Abbas with the words "two goats each". Also expelled from the path of 'Amr bin Syu'aib from his father from his grandfather such a history. Based on the history of Abu Daud, This hadith does not negate the mut worries which clearly explain that aqiqah for boys is with two goats. However, this history shows that it is possible for less than two goats to aqiqah. That's the point. So that from here, the number of goats (ie two goats for men, pen) is not a requirement in aqiqah, but only just being singled out (recommended). " The same is said by Ash Shon'ani in Subulus Salam.
Ibn Qudamah Al Maqdisi rahimahullah said,
عن الغلام, وعن الجارية شاة .هذا قول أكثر القائلين بها وبه قال ابن عباس, وعائشة, والشافعي, وإسحاق, وأبو ثور .وكان ابن عمر يقول: شاة شاة عن الغلام والجارية.
"Aqiqah for boys and girls may be the same, that is, with one goat. This is the opinion of most scholars. This is what Ibn 'Abbas,' Aisyah, Asy Shafi'i, Ishaq and Abu Tsaur chose. Even Ibn 'Umar himself once said, "Aqiqah for boys and girls each with a goat."
Shaykh Muhammad bin Sholih Al 'Uthaimin rahimahullah explained,
فإن لم يجد الإنسان ، إلا شاة واحدة أجزأت وحصل بها المقصود ، لكن إذا كان الله قد أغناه ، فالاثنتان أفضل
"If someone does not find aqiqah animal except for one, then the meaning of aqiqah will still be realized. However, if Allah gives him sufficient wealth, aqiqah with two goats (for boys) is more afdhol. "
The scholars who sat on the fatwa commission of Saudi Arabia, Al Lajnah Ad Daimah lil Buhuts Al 'Ilmiyyah wal Ifta' explained,
"It is said that aqiqah for boys is two goats, for example, while for girls is one goat. This is based on the hadith 'Aisyah radhiyallahu' anha, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "A boy is diaqiqahi with two goats like, while a girl is with one goat" (HR. At Tirmidzi 794, Ahmad 5/40 . At Tirmidhi confirmed it).
There is a hadith from Ibn 'Abbas radhiyallahu' anhuma, he said, "Rasulullah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam gave one goat each aqiqahi" (HR. Tirmidhi 794, Ahmad 5/39). However, in the history of Abu Daud and An Nasai, it is said that the aqiqah performed on Al Hasan and Al Husain was each with two goats. This is what is more afdhol. If it is said to be valid with one goat, the answer is still valid as it is with other meat slaughtered.
As for the opinion that states that girls do not need to be qiqahi, as held by Al Hasan Al Basri and Qotadah is a weak opinion because it contradicts the argument that aqiqah is required for girls with a goat.
ConclusionIt is recommended that aqiqah for boys with two goats, while for girls with one goat. However, if he is unable, it is permissible for a boy with one goat and that is considered valid. Allah knows best.
Is Aqiqah Allowed Other Than Goats?
If we pay attention to the arguments that talk about aqiqah, then we find that aqiqah is specific to goats or sheep, not with other animals. As mentioned in the hadith of Umm Kurz,
عَنِ الْغُلاَمِ شَاتَانِ مُكَافِئَتَانِ وَعَنِ الْجَارِيَةِ شَاةٌ
"For boys, two goats are the same and for girls one goat." And also we can see in the hadith of Ibn 'Abbas and' Aisyah.
Whereas muthlaq hadith such as from Salman bin 'Amir issued in Sahih Bukhari,
مَعَ الْغُلاَمِ عَقِيقَتُهُ فَأَهْرِيقُوا عَنْهُ دَمًا وَأَمِيطُوا عَنْهُ الأَذَى
"On (every) boy (who is born) must be diaqiqahi, then slaughter (aqiqah) for him and eliminate the interference from him", this muthlaq hadith was brought to the hadith muqoyyad, which is a kind of hadith Umm Kurz. So from here, no aqiqah except with goats only. Not with cows, camels, or even chickens.
This is the strongest opinion on this matter, in contrast to the Hanafi, Hambali and Syafi'iyah schools that allow non-goats, that is, al an'am (cows and camels). The best possible guidance is the guidance of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
Animal Aqiqah Apart from 'Disgrace
Animals that are diaqiqahi are not valid if they have 'disgrace, they must be released from' disgrace. This is based on the generality of the word of Allah Ta'ala,
يا أيها الذين آمنوا أنفقوا من طيبات ما كسبتم ومما أخرجنا لكم من الأرض ولا تيمموا الخبيث منه تنفقون ولستم بآخذيه إلا أن تغمضوا فيه واعلموا أن الله غني حميد (267)
"O you who believe, spend (in the way of Allah) a portion of the results of your efforts are good and part of what We put out of the earth for you. And do not choose bad things and then you spend from them, even though you do not want to take them yourself but by drawing your eyes to them. And know that Allah is Rich, Praiseworthy. " (Surah Al Baqarah: 267)
The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam also said,
أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ طَيِّبٌ لاَ يَقْبَلُ إِلاَّ طَيِّبًا
"O all human beings, verily Allah does not accept except from the thoyyib" (HR. Muslim no. 1015). Thoyyib here means surviving ugliness (disability)
Provisions for the Selection of Aqiqah Animals
This is not justified. The truth is that the aqiqah animal must be slaughtered, not just by buying goat meat at the market and then distributing it to others.
The ulama who sat at Al Lajnah Ad Daimah lil Buhuts Al 'Ilmiyyah wal Ifta' Kingdom of Saudi Arabia were asked,
"Can the slaughter of aqiqah goats be replaced by buying a few kilos of meat or does aqiqah have to be slaughtered?"
Answer: You can't. Aqiqah had to slaughter one goat for a girl and two goats for a boy.
That is our presentation of aqiqah on this occasion. We are still continuing this paper on the last article relating to the implementation of aqiqah. May Allah make it easy.
Alhamdulillahilladzi bi ni'matihi tatimmush sholihaat.