Praise be to Allah, the Rabb of all favors. Salawat and greetings to our Prophet Muhammad, his family and friends.
The discussion this time is our last discussion regarding aqiqah. We enter into the discussion of the time for implementing aqiqah and several other things. Hope it is useful.
Implementation Time of Aqiqah
Aqiqah is carried out on the seventh day. This is based on the hadith,
عن سمرة بن جندب أن رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال «كل غلام رهينة بعقيقته تذبح عنه يوم سابعه ويحلق ويسمى»
From Samuroh bin Jundub, the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, "Every child is mortgaged with his aqiqah, is slaughtered for him on the seventh day, has his hair shaved and given a name." (Narrated by Abu Daud no.2838, An Nasai no.4220, Ibn Majah nil. 3165, Ahmad 5/12. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith is authentic)
What aqiqah wisdom is carried out on the seventh day?
Asy Syaukani's student, Shidiq Hasan Khon rahimahullah explained, "There should be an interval between birth and the time of aqiqah. At the beginning of birth, of course, the family is busy caring for the mother and baby. So that at that time, they should not be burdened with other activities. And of course looking for goats also takes effort. If aqiqah was prescribed on the first day of birth this would be very troublesome. The seventh day is quite an airy day for the implementation of aqiqah. "
From when is the seventh day counted?
Mentioned in Al Mawsu'ah Al Fiqhiyah,
وذهب جمهور الفقهاء إلى أنّ يوم الولادة يحسب من السّبعة ، ولا تحسب اللّيلة إن ولد ليلاً ، بل يحسب اليوم الّذي يحسب اليله الّذي
"The majority of scholars of fiqh have the view that it is daytime on the day of birth is the beginning of the count of seven days. Meanwhile, at night it doesn't count if the baby is born at night, but what counts the next day. "Perhaps what is used as evidence is the following hadith,
تبَحُ عَنْهُ يَوْمَ سَابِعِهِ
"Slaughtered for him on the seventh day." The day referred to is the daytime.
For example, if a baby is born on Monday (21/06), at six in the morning, then the count of the seventh day starts to be counted on Monday. So that the baby's aqiqah was carried out on Sunday (27/06).
If the baby is born on Monday (21/06), at six in the afternoon, the initial count does not start from Monday, but starts on the following Tuesday. So that the baby's aqiqah on Monday (28/06). Hopefully you can understand this given example.
What if aqiqah cannot be carried out on the seventh day?
On this issue there is a disagreement among the scholars.
According to scholars Syafi'iyah and Hambali, the time of aqiqah starts from birth. The previous aqiqah was not valid and was only considered an ordinary slaughter.
According to Hanafiyah and Malikiyah scholars, the time of aqiqah is on the seventh day and should not be before.
Malikiyah scholars also limit that aqiqah is dead after the seventh day. Meanwhile, Syafi'iyah scholars allow aqiqah before the age of puberty, and this is the duty of the father.
Meanwhile, the scholar Hambali argues that if aqiqah is not carried out on the seventh day, it will be carried out on the fourteenth day. If you don't have time for that day, you may do it on the twenty-first day. As this is narrated from 'Aisyah radhiyallahu' anha.
As for the Syafi'iyah scholars, it is argued that aqiqah is not considered to be missed if the time is ended. However, it is recommended that aqiqah should not be ended until puberty. If you are already baligh and you are not being diaqiqah, then your aqiqah will fail and the child may choose to do it yourself.
From the above dispute, the authors suggest that aqiqah be carried out on the seventh day, not before or after. It is better to stick to the time agreed upon by the scholars.
As for stating that it was transferred on the 14th, 21st day and so on, the determination of this kind of date must require argument.
Meanwhile, stating that aqiqah can be done by the child himself when he is an adult while he has not been qiqah, then if this is argued by the actions of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam who said he was adulthood, it is not correct. The reason is, because the history which mentions this kind is weak in every way. Imam Asy Syafi'i himself stated that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not taqiqah himself (when he was an adult) as mentioned in one of the book of fiqh Syafi'iyah Kifayatul Akhyar. Allah knows best.
Is Aqiqah Sunnah for Babies Who Miscarry?
Shaykh Muhammad bin Sholih Al 'Uthaimin -rahimahullah- was once asked, "A baby who is born and when he is born dies immediately, is it obligatory for him to be aqiqah?"
He replied, "If a baby is born after the baby is fully completed for four months, it is still diaqiqahi and given a name. Because a baby who has reached four months in the womb has been blown by the spirit and he will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection. "
In another meeting, Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen was asked, "If a child dies after he is born for a while, does it have to be heqiqahi?"
The answer, "If the child is considered dead some time after birth, he is still diaqiqahi on the seventh day. This is because the child has been blown by the spirit at that time, so he will be resurrected on the Day of Judgment. And among the faedah aqiqah is a child will give syafa'at to both parents. However, some scholars argue that if the child dies before the seventh day, then aqiqah will fall. The reason was that aqiqah was only prescribed on the seventh day for children who were still alive at that time. If the child is dead before the seventh day, then the aqiqah will fall. However, whoever is provided with rizki by Allah and has been given various facilities, then he should slaughter aqiqah. If he is not capable, then he is not forced. "
The questioner asked again, "Was he given a name at that time?" His answer was, "Yes, it is given a name if it comes out after blowing the spirit, that is, when it completes four months in the womb."
Recommended Aqiqah Meat for Cooking
An Nawawi Asy Syafi'i stated in Minhajuth Tholibin's eyes, "(Aqiqah meat) is sunk for cooking (before being distributed)."By cooking this aqiqah slaughter, it shows that someone is doing good by increasing the blessings of Allah. It also shows noble morality and a sign of generosity.
The author Kifayatul Akhyar –Taqiyuddin Abu Bakr rahimahullah– explains, "Let the results of the aqiqah animal slaughtered not be given raw material, but it is cooked. This is more precise. Better yet, if served with sweet spices according to a more correct opinion. "
Inviting Eating Aqiqah
Taqiyuddin Abu Bakr rahimahullah explained, "What is more afdhol is the result of the aqiqah slaughter that is sent to the poor. This is the opinion of Imam Asy Shafi'i. But if you have to invite people to enjoy it (at home), that's okay too. "
So, it is permissible if someone invites others to eat the results of the aqiqah slaughter and enjoy it as it was during a marriage.
Ulama who sat at Al Lajnah Ad Daimah lil Buhuts Al 'Ilmiyyah wal Ifta' were once asked, "What is the law of celebrating aqiqah and holding a walimah for aqiqah?"
The scholars replied, "What is meant by aqiqah is something that is slaughtered for the child on the seventh day after birth. While walimah is food served at a party in the form of slaughter or something else. Aqiqah and walimah are two things that are punished. Get together to enjoy this kind of food and rejoice together and announce marriage when it is a good thing. "
No Why Is The Bones of Aqiqah Slaughter Broken
Some scholars forbid this because if the bones were not crushed, it was assumed that the child's bones would survive.
Among the Syafi'iyah scholars, Asy Syarbini rahimahullah said, "It is not harmed if the aqiqah slaughtered meat is broken because there is no argument against this."
In essence, it is not forbidden to break the bones resulting from the slaughter of the aqiqah because there is no authentic argument against this.
No Need to Rub Aqiqah Animal Blood on Babies
This is an act of the era of the Jahiliyah which was forbidden to do when Islam came.
From Buraidah, he said,
كنا فى الجاهلية إذا ولد لأحدنا غلام ذبح شاة ولطخ رأسه بدمها فلما جاء الله بالإسلام كنا نذبح شاة ونحلق رأسه ونلطخه بزعفران.
“In the past, during the era of ignorance, when one of us was born a child, he slaughtered a goat and covered the child's head with the blood of the slaughter. Then when Allah came with Islam, we slaughtered a goat and shaved its hair and covered it with za'faran. " (Narrated by Abu Daud no. 2843. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith is hasan sahih)
Alhamdulillah, our discussion about aqiqah is over. Hopefully this is useful for visitors to Rumaysho.com.
Alhamdulillahilladzi bi ni'matihi tatimmush sholihaat. Wa sallallahu 'ala Nabiyyina Muhammad wa' ala aalihi wa shohbihi wa sallam.