Praise be to Allah, Rabb of the worlds. Salawat and greetings to our Prophet Muhammad, his family and friends.
This paper is the first series of qurban jurisprudence. In the following simple articles and the following series, some discussion about udhiyah or what we know as "qurban" or "sacrifice" will be revealed. This time we will take a look at the definition of udhiyah and its relation to other forms of slaughter.
Definition of Udhiyah
In udhiyah language, it means a goat that is slaughtered at the start of the day and the time after that. There are also those who interpret the goat that was slaughtered in Eid al-Adha.
Meanwhile, according to the term syar'i, udhiyah is something that is slaughtered in order to get closer to Allah Ta'ala on the day of nahr (Eid al-Adha) with special conditions.
The connection between Udhiyah and Qurban, Hadyu and Aqiqah
The term qurban is more general than udhiyah. Qurban is all forms of self-approach to Allah, either in the form of slaughter or otherwise. The relationship between udhiyah and qurban is that they are both forms of self-approach to Allah. If the form of qurban is slaughter, then it is more closely related.
There is also the term hadyu, namely livestock that are slaughtered in haram land on the day of nahr (Eid al-Adha) for those who carry out the Hajj tamattu 'or qiron, or for leaving one of the mandatory stabs, or doing one of the prohibitions on stabbing, either during Hajj or Umrah. or just doing tathowwu '(sunnah) worship as a form of approaching oneself to Allah. So, udhiyah and hadyu are both slaughtered in the form of livestock and carried out on the day of nahr (Eid al-Adha) and done as a form of self-approach to Allah. However, udhiyah is not found in haji tamattu 'and qiron, nor is it as kafaroh because of pursuing the forbidden or leaving the obligation.
Another term is aqiqah. Aqiqah is a livestock animal that is slaughtered as a form of gratitude to Allah for the blessing of the birth of both sons and daughters. Obviously the difference between udhiyah and aqiqah. Udhiyah is done in order to be grateful for the joys of life, not in order to be grateful for the birth of a child. If someone is blessed with a child on the same day as Eid al-Adha and then he slaughtered in order to give thanks for the birth of his child, the slaughter is called aqiqah.
The next opportunity Rumaysho.com will discuss the law of sacrifice or udhiyah and its virtues. May Allah make it easy.