What is expected foremost is not the flesh or blood that flows after slaughter. The most important thing that Allah expects from the Qurban service is our piety and sincerity.
Allah Ta'ala said,
لَنْ يَنَالَ اللَّهَ لُحُومُهَا وَلَا دِمَاؤُهَا وَلَكِنْ يَنَالُهُ التَّقْوَى مِنْكُمْ
"Camel flesh and blood can never reach (the pleasure) of Allah, but your piety can achieve it." (Surah Al Hajj: 37)
Shaykh As Sa'di said regarding the above verse, "Remember, what Allah hopes is not the flesh and blood of the sacrifice, because Allah does not need everything and He is the one who deserves to be exalted. What Allah expects from this sacrifice is sincerity, ihtisab (always expecting a reward from Him) and sincere intentions. Therefore, Allah said (which means), "It is your faith that can reach His pleasure". This should be the motivation when someone makes a sacrifice, namely sincerity, not riya 'or being proud of their assets, and not running it because it has become an annual routine. This is what must be present in other worship. Do not let our practice show only skin with no visible contents or visible bodies without souls.
Have we performed this sacrificial service to gain piety? Maybe our intention is not right because we want to show off our wealth with the amount of sacrifice that was slaughtered? Be careful with unwilling intentions.
The ugliness of non-sincere practices is explained in the following hadith.
عن محمود بن لبيد أن رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال «إن أخوف ما أخاف عليكم الشرك الأصغر». قالوا وما الشرك الأصغر يا رسول الله قال «الرياء يقول الله عز وجل لهم يوم القيامة إذا جزى الناس بأعمالهم اذهبوا إلى الذين كنتم تراءون فى الدنيا فانظروا هل تجدون عندهم جزاء»
From Mahmud bin Labid, the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, "Indeed, what I fear most will happen to you is Shirk Ashgor." The companions asked, "What is Shirk Ashgor, O Messenger of Allah?" He said, "(Shirk ashgor is) riya '. Allah Ta'ala said to those who do riya 'on the Day of Resurrection when people get rewarded for their deeds:' Go on to the person you are addressing riya deeds' in the world. Then see if you get a reply from them? ' (HR. Ahmad 5: 429. Shaykh Syu'aib Al Arnauth said that this hadith sanad is authentic).
Only Allah gives taufik.
How does the law combine Qurban and Aqiqah? Is it allowed?
The scholars on this issue have different opinions.
Shaykh 'Abdullah bin' Abdirrahman Al Jibrin rahimahullah was asked, "If the time for akikah falls on Eid al-Adha, is it legal to carry out akikah and Qurban at the same time with one Qurban? How is the intention? "
He replied, "It cannot be combined between the intention of Qurban and akikah. What must be done is to slaughter one or two goats individually. I cannot combine it with qurban. Because akikah and Qurban each have their own causes and time relations. Between akikah and Qurban can be done in the field or in a narrow time. Qurban is made on the day of Eid al-Adha or tasyriq day. Even more afdhol, the qurbani shohibul eats 1/3 of it, gives 1/3 of it, and gives 1/3 of it. While akikah is done on the seventh day of birth. If you miss the seventh day, you can do it on the 14th day. If you can't on that day, then on the 21st day. Best of all, the ceremony is held like a walimah by inviting relatives and friends to pray for the newborn.
However, if you are in an emergency condition to slaughter a Qurban and Aqiqah at one time, then it is permissible because both of these practices are sunnah. The virtue of Qurban is greater than the virtue of akikah. "
Sayyid Sabiq said, "Ulama Hambali argues that if you meet between the day of nahr (Eid al-Adha) and the day of akikah, it is permissible to suffice with one slaughter as it is enough to take a bath if you meet on Eid and Friday." 
However, if you have the space for sustenance, separating the Qurban and akikah is better. If you are in difficult conditions, choosing Imam Ahmad's opinion to combine it is more important.
Allah knows best. Only Allah gives taufik.
 Fiqh Sunnah, 3: 33.
Qurban is prescribed and recommended. It includes muakkadah or mandatory sunnah. Among the differences of the scholars'.
One goat is accepted for a person and his family even though there are many (family members). As narrated by Tirmizi, (1505) and Ibn Majah, (3147) from Atho 'bin Yasar said:
سألت أبا أيوب الأنصاري كيف كانت الضحايا على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال: "كان الرجل يضحي بالشاة عنه وعن أهل بيته فيأكلون ويطعمون حتى تباهى الناس فصارت كما ترى).
"I asked Abu Ayyub Al-Anshory, how was the condition of the qurban at the time of the Prophet sallallahu'alaihi wa sallam, so he said," In the past someone sacrificed with one goat for himself and his family. They eat and feed. Until people are racing up to what you can see. "
Nawawi rahimahullah said, "One goat is accepted for one person and not more than one person is accepted. However, if a family member makes a sacrifice, then he has carried out the message for all (his family). So that the sacrifice for him is included in the Sunnah of the kifayah (which is sufficient). Completed from 'Al-Majmu', (8/370).
If he slaughtered more than one, it was fine while not because he wanted to show off.
Shaykh Ibn Baz rahimahullah was asked, "Does Islam specify the number (animal) for qurban, where a Muslim sacrifices on the Eid al-Adha? And what are the numbers if there are numbers?
He replied, "There is no number stipulation. In the past the Prophet sallallahu'alaihi wa sallam sacrificed with two (goats) one of them for him and his family and the second for the people of Muhammad sallallahu'alaihi wa sallam who obeyed Allah. If a person sacrifices one, two or more of these, that is fine. Abu Ayyub Al-Anshori radhiallahu'anhu said, “In the past we sacrificed at the time of the Prophet sallallahu'alaihi wa sallam with one goat, we ate and we fed. Then people show off after that. In conclusion, one (goat) is sufficient if a person sacrifices for his family with one goat for himself and his family. He has earned the sunnah by doing that. If you sacrifice two, three or a camel or a cow, that's okay. " Finish from Sheikh Bin Baz's website:
What is more important is that one goat is enough for himself and for his family. Because this is the guidance of the Prophet sallallahu'alaihi wa sallam.
عن جابر بن عبد الله قال شهدت مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم الأضحى بالمصلى فلما قضى خطبته نزل من منبره وأتي بكبش فذبحه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بيده وقال بسم الله والله أكبر هذا عني وعمن لم يضح من أمتي) رواه أبو داود (2810 ) وصححه الشيخ الألباني في صحيح أبي داود.
From Jabir bin Abuddllah said, I witnessed with the Prophet sallallahu'alaihi wa sallam qurbani in the mushollah (place of prayer). When he finished giving the sermon, he got down from the pulpit. The sheep were brought in and the Prophet sallallahu'alaihi wa sallam slaughtered them with his hands. By saying,
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ هَذَا عَنِّي وَعَمَّنْ لَمْ يُضَحِّ مِنْ أُمَّتِي (In the name of Allah and Allah is Great, this is for me and for my people who have not yet sacrificed).
Hr. Abu Dawud, (2810) declared shoheh by Sheikh Al-Albany at Shoheh Abi Dawud.
Shaykh Ibn Uthaimin rahimahullah said, "There is no doubt, that sticking to the sunnah is better than not. If we say, “It is in accordance with the sunnah that the householder is sufficient to make a sacrifice with one that is done by the head of the family. Not that if he slaughtered more than one they were sinners. They are innocent. However, keeping the sunnah is better than many practices. Allah subhanahu wata'ala said, "He (Allah) tests all of you, who is the best at his practice. SQ. Al-Mulk: 2.
Therefore, when the Prophet sallallahu'alaihi wa sallam sent two people in a need and both of them did not get water, so both of them prayed and prayed. Then after that get water. One of them performs ablution 'and repeats the prayer. While others do not perform ablution and do not repeat prayers. Then it was told to the Prophet sallallahu'alaihi wa sallam. He said to those who do not repeat (ablution and prayer), “You are according to the sunnah. And said to the second one, “You are rewarded twice. Which of the two is better? That is in accordance with the sunnah, even though the other one gets two rewards. He got two rewards, because he had done two practices with the intention of getting closer to Allah Azza wajalla. So that he gets two rewards, but not like those who do according to the sunnah. " Finish from Fatawa Nurun 'Alad Darbi.
Allah knows best.
Is the kurban animal required to be 2 years old?
The answer will be seen in the following hadith.
From Jabir radhiyallahu 'anhu, he said, Rasulullah sallallahu' alaihi wa sallam said,
"لَا تَذْبَحُوا إِلَّا مُسِنَّةً, إِلَّا أَنْ يَعْسُرَ عَلَيْكُمْ فَتَذْبَحُوا جَذَعَةً مِنَ اَلضَّأْنِ"
"Do not you slaughter unless it is Musinnah. Unless it is difficult for you, then slaughter jadza'ah from the sheep. " (HR. Muslim no. 1963)
Musinnah of goats is one year old (entering the second year). Meanwhile, cows are those who are already two years old (entering their third year). Meanwhile, camels are those who have completed five years (entering their sixth year). This was a popular opinion among the fuqoha.
Jadza'ah are sheep that are six to one year old.
In summary, the age requirements for sacrificial animals are presented in the following table:
Minimum Age Requirements
The answer, okay and fine. Because the requirements for kurban do not necessarily have to be married or do not have to have children.
The conditions for people who do kurban are set by the scholars:
2- rich (moderately)
Sufficiency is meant to have property for sacrifice, more than what he needs on the day of Eid al-Adha, at night and during the three tasyriq days as well as the nights.
3- Has matured (adult) and sensible. (See Al Mawsu'ah Al Fiqhiyyah Al Kuwaitiyyah, 5: 79-80)
This means that if a student or a single student is well off, then he does not matter to sacrifice. In fact, there is no reason why he sacrifices in a way of debt as exemplified by Abu Hatim and suggested by Imam Ahmad in matters of aqiqah, although the law of sacrifice is sunnah according to most scholars.
Imam Shafi'i rahimahullah said,
لاَ أُرَخِّصُ فِي تَرْكِهَا لِمَنْ قَدَّرَ عَلَيْهَا
"I do not give relief to leave the sacrifice for those who are able to do it." (Ahkamul Udhiyah wal 'Aqiqah wat Tadzkiyah, p. 12). What he meant was that it was meant to leave the sacrifice for those who were able to do it.
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.
Alhamdulillahi Rabbil 'aalamiin.
Allahumma shalli 'ala Muhammad wa' ala aali Muhammad.
Ayyuhan naas, ittaqullaha haqqa tuqootih.
Innaa a'thainaakal-kautsar, fashollii li robbika wanhar, innaa syaaniaka huwal abtar.
Jama'ah rahimani wa rahimakumullah, a congregation who is always blessed and blessed by Allah ...
This Friday coincides with two Id.
Narrated from Iyas bin Abi Ramlah Asy-Syamiy, he said, "I had accompanied Mu'awiyah bin Abi Sufyan and he asked Zaid bin Arqam," Have you ever witnessed the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam meeting two Id (the day I met with Friday) in one day? " "Yes", replied Zaid. Then Mu'awiyah asked again, "What was he doing at that time?" "He performed the Eid prayer and gave relief to leave Friday prayers," replied Zaid again. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "Who wants to pray on Friday, please." (Narrated by Abu Daud, no. 1070; An-Nasa'i, no. 1592; Ibn Majah, no. 1310. Al-Hafizh Abu Thahir said that this hadith sanad is hasan).
The above argument is that you can choose between Friday prayer and Eid prayer. However, doing both prayers is better. For those who choose not to pray on Friday because the Eid prayer is already in the morning, they should replace it with the Zhuhur prayer.
Regarding qurban, as we all know that this worship comes from the story of the Prophet Ibrahim when he wanted to slaughter his son Ismail. This story can be explored further in Surah As-Saffat verses 99-111.
Prophet Ibrahim was ordered by Allah to slaughter his own son, Ismail 'alaihis salam as mentioned in the verse,
فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ مَعَهُ السَّعْيَ قَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ إِنِّي أَرَى فِي الْمَنَامِ أَنِّي أَذْبَحُكَ فَانْظُرْ مَاذَا ََ قَالَ يَا أَبَتِ افْعَلْ مَا ُؤْ سَتَجِدُنِي إِإِ شَاءَ اللَّهُ منَ الصَّابِرِينَ
"So when the child arrived (at the age of being able) to work with Ibrahim, Ibrahim said," O my son, I actually saw in a dream that I slaughtered you. Then think about what you think? " He replied, "O my father, do what you are told; God willing, you will find me including those who are patient. " (QS. As-Saffat: 102)
When Isma'il is in the wee age and he has reached the age of sa'ya, that is the age at which the child is able to work. At that age, Ibrahim loved him very much and Prophet Ibrahim felt that his son could really bring many benefits. When his son was like that, Ibrahim got a tough test.
See when he heard his father's dream of slaughtering him, Ismail was very obedient. He also stated that he could be patient and encouraged his father to be patient too.
This is what our role model should be, namely obedience, patience, and trust in Allah. Hopefully we get wives and children who are obedient to God, patient and truly put their trust in Him, so we become such people.
Then in the continued verse it is mentioned,
فَلَمَّا أَسْلَمَا وَتَلَّهُ لِلْجَبِينِ
"When both of them had surrendered and Ibrahim laid his son on his temples, (both of them were patient)." (QS. As-Saffat: 103)
وَنَادَيْنَاهُ أَنْ يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ
"And We call him," Hi Ibrahim. " (QS. As-Saffat: 104)
قَدْ صَدَّقْتَ الرُّؤْيَا إِإِ كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ
"Surely you have confirmed that dream, indeed this is how We reward those who do good." (QS. As-Saffat: 105)
إِإِ هَذَا لَهُوَ الْبَلَاءُ الْمُبِينُ
"Surely this is really a real test." (QS. As-Saffat: 106)
With this attitude, Prophet Abraham 'alaihis greetings is praised,
كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ
"Thus We reward those who do good." (Surah As-Saffat: 110). Ibrahim was one of those who did good (doing ihsan) in worship, had good faith with others, he got a way out of the difficulties he was facing, and he got a good reward.
Then it is mentioned,
إِنَّهُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
"Indeed he is one of Our servants who believe." (Surah As-Saffat: 111).
Lessons from the story of the Prophet Ibrahim making qurban
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.
Allah is the Greatest. Walillahil hamd.
Alhamdulillahi Robbil 'aalamiin.
Allahumma shalli 'ala Muhammad wa' ala aali Muhammad.
Wal 'ashr, Innal insaana lafii khusr, illalladziina aamanuu wa' amilush sholihaati wa tawaa-show bil haqqi wa ta-waashow bish shobr.
Ayyuhan naas, ittaqullaha haqqa tuqootih.
Allahummaghfir lil muslimiina wal muslimaat, wal mu'miniina wal mu'minaat, al-ahyaa 'minhum wal amwaat.
Robbanaa aatinaa fid dunyaa hasanah wa fil aakhirooti hasanah wa qinaa 'adzaban naar.
Bi rohmatika yaa arhamar roohimiin.
Taqobbalallahu minna wa minkum.
Wassalaamu 'alaikum wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.
Tafsir As-Sa'di.The second printing, Year 1433 H. Shaykh 'Abdurrahman bin Nashir As-Sa'di. Muassasah Ar-Risalah Publisher.
The explanation of the Eid al Adha prayer
Eid al-Adha sermon rules
The Qurban is the slaughter of certain animals on the 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th of Zulhijjah with the intention of getting closer to Allah SWT. The commandment to sacrifice was revealed by Allah to us in the 2nd year of the Hijrah along with the command to pray Eidul Adha and zakat.
The Word of Allah SWT which means:
"So pray to your Lord and slaughter. " Al-Kautsar:
According to a famous opinion, the purpose of prayer in that verse is Eidul Adha prayer and what is meant by slaughtering is sacrifice.
Ibn Jarir interpreted the verse as follows:
“Make your prayers sincere only for Allah alone by not expecting anything other than Him. Likewise, the sacrifice that you have made, intend only for Allah, not for idols, as gratitude for what Allah has bestowed on you which is innumerable. "
The Prophet SAW has also said which means:
"There is no practice that is most loved by Allah than the Children of Adam during the Eidul Adha other than slaughtering the animal of sacrifice. Surely the animal will come on the Day of Resurrection (as a witness) with horns, feathers and nails. And behold, the blood of the animal sacrifice lay somewhere beside Allah before it flowed on the ground. Because of that, make yourself happy with it. " (History of Tirmizi, Ibn Majah and Hakim)
Law of Qurban
The law of sacrifice is the sunnah muakkadah.
Some scholars of the Hanafi school argue that sacrificing is obligatory for people who fulfill zakat's lineage. Among their references is the hadith which means:
"Whoever is excess (in property) but does not slaughter the animal victim, let him not approach my mosque." (History of Ahmad and Ibn Majah)
Fadhilat of Qurban
The privilege of people who make sacrifices.
Saidina Ali Bin Abi Talib RA has narrated that anyone who leaves his house with the intention of buying the victim's animal, then every step 10 virtues are purified, 10 mistakes are eliminated, their dignity is increased by 10 degrees.
If he chatted with the seller when buying it, then every word he uttered was the same as one tasbih. And if the price is paid, then every one dirham, he will get 700 virtues. If the animal is laid on the ground, then every drop of blood that is shed will be made by Allah 10 angels who pray and ask Allah to forgive his mistakes until the Day of Resurrection.
If the meat is distributed, then every bite people eat, for him is like liberating a child and grandchild of Prophet Ismail AS. Those who are sacrificed will become vehicles for those who sacrifice them on the Day of Resurrection.
In this case Rasulullah SAW has said which means:
"Give glory to your victims, because later he will become your vehicle when you pass the Siratal Mustaqim bridge. "
Apart from that, people who perform sacrificial worship are seen as good people among the people of the Prophet Muhammad SAW in accordance with the meaning of the words of the Prophet Muhammad:
"My good people are those who make sacrifices and my evil people are those who do not sacrifice."
Qurban can also save the person who did the Qurban from the crimes of this world and the hereafter. In this case Rasulullah SAW has said which means:
"Isn't that a victim of worship that saves people, that is, saves those who own it from the crimes of the world and the hereafter."
Those who wants to do Qurban in Singapore, can visit www.sgaqiqah.com
Shaykhul Islam Ibn Taimiyyah rahimahullah was asked:
What about people who are unable to make qurban, is it permissible to seek debt?
الحَمْدُ للهِ رَبِّ العَالميْنَ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ وَفَاءٌ فَاسْتَدَانَ مَا يُضَحِّي بِهِ فَحَسَنٌ وَلاَ عا
Alhamdulillah rabbil 'alamin.
If this person has the ability to pay off, then he can seek debt to be able to sacrifice, that is good. But it is not obligatory for him to do so. Allah knows best. (Majmu'ah Al-Fatawa, 26: 305)
This means that it is still permissible to make qurban in a state of debt, for example, he believes that his debt can be paid in full from the salary that will come out at the end of the month. But remember, making qurban with debt according to Shaykhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah is not necessary.
May be useful.
In language, the meaning of 'vows' is a promise to do good or bad things. In Islam, Nazar means a person's ability to perform a form of worship which is not a compulsory form of worship. Nazar is not valid if it promises mandatory, permissible, makruh, let alone haram.
Practice with the law of the sunnah or fardhu kifayah which can be used as vows. For example fasting or giving alms. By performing vows, worship which initially has the sunnah or fardhu kifayah law becomes mandatory for that person. Almsgiving or sunnah fasting that previously should not be done, after becoming a vow, should not be abandoned.
Nazar will be valid if the vows contain certainty to do something. For example, "I vow to fast David", or "If I get a profit of Rp. 1 billion, I will give Rp. 100 million in charity". Lafaz which does not contain abilities cannot be called vows. For example, if the votive sentence still contains the word "maybe" or "could be".
Nazar Must Be Perfected
Islam allows us to make vows. Worship, which was not obligatory at first, becomes obligatory if someone has vowed. Allah praises those who fulfill their vows. Allah said, "And let them complete their vows." (QS.Al Hajj: 29). "They fulfill their vows and are afraid of a day where the punishment will be evenly distributed." (QS.Al Insan: 7).
In the past, Sahabat Umar bin Khatab was also ordered by the Prophet to fulfill his vows. When the Prophet's entourage returned from Taef and arrived at Ji'ronah, Umar bin Khattab said to the Prophet, "O Messenger of Allah, in fact I had vowed during the time of ignorance to do itikaf a day at the Grand Mosque, what do you think?". Rasulullah replied, "Go there and give i'tikaflah".
Understanding Nazar Fast
summarizes that one of the practices that is usually insulted is fasting. Vowing to fast is permissible, because we can vow to obey God.
Nazar fast is a fast that must be done by someone according to what he is doing. Aisyah ra said that the Messenger of Allah said, "Whoever has the vow to obey Allah, let him obey Him and whoever vows to sin against Allah, then he should not sin against Him" (Narrated by Bukhari).
Kinds of Nazar
1. Nazar Lajjaj
Nazar Lajjaj is a vow whose purpose is to motivate someone to do something, or prevent someone from doing something, or to believe the truth of the news someone has conveyed. An example of lajjaj vows is when a person vows to fast for ten days if he does not memorize a book for five days. This Nazar is pronounced in order to motivate yourself to do practice (in this example, menghatkan book).
Another example is a vow that motivates something to do, when a person promises to fast for ten days if he makes a habit of talking about other people's badness. While examples of vows that aim to convince others about the truth of the news, for example when someone promises to give alms of Rp. 500,000 if what he says is not true. The hope is, people who receive the news believe the truth of the news it carries.
2. Nazar Tabarrur
Nazar tabarrur is when someone undertakes to perform a worship without depending on something, or depending on worship on something that is expected. An example is when someone vows to donate IDR 500,000. So if he already has such an amount of money, it is obligatory for him to donate the money. However, the obligation to donate it is broad, so it is not obligatory to immediately donate the money. If you do not have the belief that you will not have that amount of money, then the vows can be fulfilled at any time. On the other hand, if he believes that he will no longer have that much money, then the vows must be fulfilled, before the money is used for other purposes.
Another example of vows in tabarrur is one that is accompanied by depending on something that is hoped for. For example, when a person has a vow, he will fast for ten days if Allah grants his wish to meet the person he dreams of. If his wish is fulfilled, then it is obligatory for him to fulfill this vow.
Better Avoid Nazar
Even though Nazar is allowed, we should not easily take vows. Rasulullah explained that the real vows cannot reject something at all. The friend of Ibn Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah forbade vows, he said: 'Nazar cannot reject something at all. Nazar is only expelled from people who are hunks (stingy) '”(Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)
Meanwhile, Abu Hurairah said that the Prophet said, "Don't make vows. Because vows cannot reject fate in the slightest. Nazar is only expelled from a stingy person ”(Narrated by Muslim).
"Really vows do not make someone closer to what Allah does not ordain. The results of the vows are what Allah ordained. Nazar is only issued by a miser. The person who has a vow is taking out a treasure that he really doesn't want to spend. "(Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim).
The scholars explained that the purpose of this hadith is that people who have vows are actually not doing sincere acts because of Allah. He only wants to do good if he gets benefits. Therefore, a person who vows on condition is called a stingy person.
Nazar which is permissible and not subject to conflict is when a person vows unconditionally. For example, someone promises to carry out a certain fast, without requiring anything. The prohibition of vows is also intended so that people do not think that Allah will fulfill their wishes with vows. In fact, vows do not change anything at all, as mentioned in the hadith above.
This is an explanation of the theme of vows for you that includes the types and basic laws that are useful for you and other readers, inshaallah.
Asfahani rahimahullah in 'Mufrodat Alfadul Qur'an, p. 797 says, "Nazar is obliging that which is not obligatory to yourself because of an incident. Allah Ta'ala said:
"Verily, I have vowed to fast for God the most gracious." QS. Maryam: 26.
So vows are obliging mukalaf (people who are subject to the burden of obligation) to themselves who are not obliged to it. Either directly or hanging. It has been mentioned in the Book of Allah on the position of flattery. Allah Ta'ala said regarding His servants the believers:
“Surely those who do good things drink from a glass (containing a drink) whose mixture is kafur water. (namely) the spring (in heaven) from which the servants of Allah drink, which they can best drain. They fulfill their vows and are afraid of a day where the punishment will be evenly distributed. " QS. Al-Insan: 5-7
So Allah -Tabaroka wata'ala- made their fear of the urgency of the Day of Judgment and the fulfillment of vows as one of the reasons for salvation and entry to heaven.
Fulfilling the vows is a stated obligation. Based on the word Ta'ala:
"Then, let them remove the dirt that is on their bodies and let them complete their vows." QS. Al-Hajj: 29
Imam Syaukani rahimahullah said, "Orders show an obligation. There have been many hadiths from the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, the prohibition of making vows and explanations of their holiness.
From Abu Hurairah radhiallahu anhu said the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said:
"Don't all of you make vows, because vows do not affect destiny at all. In fact he came out of the naughtiness. " HR. Muslim no. 3096
From Abdullah bin Umar radhiallahu anhuma said, "Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam began to prohibit us from making vows while saying:
"Indeed, he (vows) cannot refuse at all. In fact he is thrown out of stinginess. " HR. Bukhori and Muslim
If someone says, 'How are people praised by performing their vows, then they are prohibited. The vows that should be praised are those of obedience without being hung on something. Where a person requires himself to obey and hinders laziness or gratitude for enjoyment.
Meanwhile, there are many kinds of vows that are prohibited, including substitute vows, where people vow in obedience when they get something or reject something. If it is not found, there is no obedience. This is what is forbidden. Perhaps the wisdom of prohibiting this is because of the following reasons:
The voters observe heavy obedience. When it occurs in difficult conditions and requires doing something. When vows do vow obedience on condition if what is desired is achieved. So that the vows are like substitutes that can injure intentions in obedience. Because if he does not recover from his illness, he will not give charity because he is dependent on his recovery. This is the condition of being stingy. Because he did not spend any of his property except by direct replacement. Usually more than what he puts out.
Some people have an ignorant belief, the idea is that vows must get in accordance with the purpose for which they are doing. Or God will realize the goal of the person who vows because of his vows. Eliminating belief in some common people. Where in the end that vows can reject destiny. Or get immediate benefit or turn away from evil. So it is forbidden to worry about the belief of the layman about it. As well as warning the dangers of such methods against the safety of aqeedah.
Kinds of vows in terms of obligation to fulfill them:
NazarNazar must be carried out (Nazar Ketaatan), namely all vows in obedience to Allah Azza Wajallah such as prayer, fasting, Umrah, Hajj, silaturrohim, I'tikaf, jihad, prompting goodness and prohibiting evil as he says' By Allah it is obligatory for me to fast or give alms like this or by Allah, it is obligatory for me to perform this year's Hajj or pray two rak'ahs at the Grand Mosque as gratitude to Allah for the blessings of healing from my illness.
Or hanging like a vow to obey Allah hanging with something useful if that happens so that he says, 'If someone who is lost is found or if Allah hinders the ugliness of the enemy from me, then I will fast or give alms like this. The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said:
"Whoever vows obedience to God, he should do obedience. And whoever has the vow to commit immorality, then do not commit immorality. HR. Bukhori, 6202
If a person vows to do obedience then there are conditions that prevent him from fulfilling it, such as vowing to fast for a month or performing the Haj or Umrah. However, suffering from an illness that prevents him from fulfilling his fast, Hajj, Umrah or vowing to give alms, but becomes poor which prevents him from fulfilling his vows. So in this condition, moving to redeem vows with a ransom (kaffarah) oath. As it is from Ibn Abbas radhiallahu anhuma said:
"Whoever has a vow and is unable (to fulfill it), then redeems with a ransom (kaffarah) of oath. HR. Abu Dawud, Hafidz Ibn Hajar commented in Bulugul Maram that the sanad was shoheh and Hafidz strengthened the status up to the companions of the Prophet (waqf).
Syeikhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in Fatawa (33/49) said, "If a person vows to obey because of Allah, then he must fulfill it. However, if he does not fulfill the vows because of Allah, then he must redeem it with an oath according to the majority of salaf scholars.
Nazar which cannot be kept and there is a kaffarah (ransom) oath. Included in this form of vows are
"Whoever has the vow to obey God, he should do it. And whoever vows to act against him, then don't do it. " HR. Bukhori.
From Imron bin Husain, in fact the Prophet sallallahu alai wa sallam differs:
"It is not allowed to fulfill vows in immorality. “HR. Muslim, 3099.
"I was with Ibn Umar and someone asked him saying," I vow to fast every Tuesday or Wednesday as long as I am alive. It turned out that that day coincided with the day of nahr (Eid al-adha), so he replied, "Allah has ordered to fulfill the vows and forbid us to fast on the day of nahr (Eid al-adha). He repeated it and he said the same without any additions. Shoheh Bukhori, 6212.
Narrated Imam Ahmad from Ziyad bin Jubair said, someone asked Ibn Umar when he was walking on Mina. While saying, “I vow to fast every Tuesday or Wednesday. This day coincides with the nahr day (Eid al-Adha), what do you think ?. then he replied, "Allah Ta'ala ordered to fulfill the vows and Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam prohibited or said we are prohibited from fasting on the day of nahr. Said, someone thought he didn't hear. So he said, “I vow to fast every Tuesday or Wednesday. The day coincides with the nahr day. So he replied, "Allah ordered to fulfill the vows while Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam forbade us or we are prohibited from fasting on the day of nahr. Said, he did not add any of it to leaning against the mountain. Hafid Ibn Hajar said, "There has been an ijma 'that it is not permissible to fast either sunnah or vows on Eid al-firti as well as Eid al-adha.
"Vows ransom is an oath ransom. HR. Muslim
Nawawi rahimahullah said, "Malik and the majority of scholars understand for general vows like what he said I vowed. Syarkh Muslim by Nawawi, (11/104).
"A person vowed in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam to slaughter a camel in Buwanah - in another editorial - because he had a son, he went to the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam and said," I actually vowed to slaughter camels in Buwanah. So the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam asked, "Is there a statue of jahiliyah that is worshiped? they replied, "No. Is there their celebration there? They replied, "No. So the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, "Perform your vows, because it is not permissible to carry out vows in the context of disobedience to Allah and what Bani Adam does not. HR. Abu Dawud, 2881.
This person vowed to slaughter a camel at Buwanah (the place behind Yanbuk) because he gave thanks to Allah Ta'ala. Because blessed with a son. So the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam allowed him to fulfill his vows. And slaughter a camel in that place.
We ask Allah to knowfiq as he loves and blesses. Best wishes and greetings to our Prophet Muhammad.
Birth and death are certain in this world. Everyone who is born on earth, at the same time someone dies.
Not only every day, but every second the sound of crying babies must be heard in one part of the world.
When someone dies, there needs to be an agenda that must be prepared. Among them are baths for the body, prayer for the body, delivery to the cemetery and so on.
Then, what for those who are just born to the face of the earth?
They also have an agenda to prepare. In Islam, there is worship that is intended for humans who are just born into this world.
This worship is called aqiqah.
Well, in this article, we will discuss in more detail about aqiqah.
When referring to Arabic, aqiqah means cutting and making a hole. In a general sense, aqiqah is a religious activity of slaughtering an animal in the form of a goat as a form of gratitude for the birth of a child.
The laws on worship differ based on the opinion of the scholars. Some say that worship aqiqah is obligatory, some say sunnah mu'akad and some say sunnah.
Of all the opinions that exist, the most authentic is the opinion that says that the law of aqiqah is the sunnah of mu'akad. This means that this is worship which is recommended to be carried out.
The evidence for this command of worship is the hadith of the Prophet SAW. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said. "All babies were pawned with their aqiqah, which on the seventh day was slaughtered by an animal (goat), given a name, and had their hair shaved." (Saheeh, HR. Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, and others).
Then from Salman bin 'Amir Ad-Dhabiy said if Rasulullah said, "Aqiqah is carried out because of the birth of a baby, then slaughter the animal and remove all disturbances from it." (Sahih Hadith History of Bukhari).
Then from Samurah bin Jundab said if the Prophet said, "All babies are mortgaged with their aqiqah which on the seventh day are slaughtered by animals (goats), given names and their hairs are shaved." [Saheeh, Hadith narrated by Abu Dawud 2838, Tirmidhi 1552, Nasa'I 7/166, Ibn Majah 3165, Ahmad 5 / 7-8, 17-18, 22, Ad Darimi 2/81, and others].
The implementation of aqiqah, namely the slaughter of an animal as part of the ceremony for the birth of a child has actually been done in the era of ignorance.
However, the implementation is certainly different from what has been guided by the Prophet Muhammad.
Buraida said that in the old days of ignorance, if one of them had a child, that person would slaughter a goat and smear the baby's head with goat's blood.
Smear a baby's head with goat blood? looks creepy, right?
In Islam this procedure is changed to be more humane.
Then, what are the procedures for aqiqah that has been taught by Islam?
1. Implementation Time
This day of worship is usually held 7 days after the child is born. It can also be held 14 or 21 days later. As the hadith of the Prophet SAW. Abdullah bin Buraidah from his father, stated that the Prophet Muhamaad SAW said, "Aqiqah was slaughtered on the 7th day or the 14th or 21st day (HR. Baihaqi).
However, it is okay to carry out aqiqah at other times.
No need to be fixated on the seventh day and its multiples. If the condition of the parents is financially difficult, then aqiqah can be conditioned at a time when the parents are able to do it.
2. Number of Animals
There are differences in the number of animals slaughtered between boys and girls.
For a boy who was just born, the aqiqah was by slaughtering two goats. As for girls, he qiqqah with only one goat.
As in the hadith of the Prophet SAW.
Aisyah said if the Prophet said, "A baby boy is diaqiqahi with two of the same goats and a baby girl one goat." [Saheeh, Ahmad's Hadith History]
3. Shaving Baby Hair.
After the goat slaughter has been carried out. So the next service is to steal / shave the baby's head.
As the hadith of the Prophet SAW, "All babies are mortgaged with their aqiqah, who on the seventh day are slaughtered by animals (goats), are given names and have their hair shaved." [Saheeh, Hadith narrated by Abu Dawud 2838, Tirmidhi 1552, Nasa'I 7/166, Ibn Majah 3165, Ahmad 5 / 7-8, 17-18, 22, Ad Darimi 2/81, and others].
4. Smear with perfumed oil.
After the baby's head is shaved, the head can be smeared with perfumed oil. This is what distinguishes it from the era of ignorance.
At that time, the baby's head was covered with goat's blood, while in Islam, the baby's head was smeared with perfumed oil.
The last is by giving alms. The alms calculation is taken from the weight of the baby's hair that is cut.
After the baby's hair is cut, the hairs are collected and then weighed. The resulting weight of these scales is then converted into silver.
Say, after being cut, you collect 2 grams of weight. So, the owner must give 2 grams of silver or its equivalent.
That is the explanation of aqiqah that needs to be known. Hopefully this explanation can add insight into worship aqiqah as a form of gratitude to Allah SWT.
- Every 10th of Dzul Hijjah, all Muslims who do not perform Hajj celebrate Eid al-Adha. On that day, Muslims are highly worshiped to make qurban where they slaughter sacrificial animals to be distributed to all Muslims in an area. Then what exactly is Qurban? Below will be explained in full.
Qurban comes from Arabic, "Qurban "Which means near (قربان). Sacrifice in Islam also called al-udhhiyyahandadh-dhahiyyahwhich means animal slaughtered, such as camels, cows (buffalo), and goats that are slaughtered on Eid al-Adha and tasyriq days as a form of taqarrub or closer to Allah.
The proof of the Declaration of Sacrifice
Allah SWT has decreed sacrifice with His word, "Indeed, We have given you many favors. So establish prayers for your Lord, and make sacrifices. Indeed, it is those who hate you that are cut off.(Al-Kautsar: 1 - 3).
"And We have made camels for you as a message of Allah. You get a lot of good from it, so say the name of Allah when you slaughter it.(Al-Hajj: 36).
The Virtue of Sacrifice
From Aisyah ra, the Holy Prophet said, "There is not a single practice carried out by humans on the feast of the Sacrifice that Allah SWT loves more than slaughtering the sacrificial animals. Indeed, the animal that is sacrificed on the Day of Resurrection will come, with its horns, hair and hooves. And before the blood of the Sacrifice touches the ground, it (the reward) has been received in the sight of Allah, so lucky you all with (reward) of the Sacrifice.. " (HR Tirmidhi).
The Law of Sacrifice
Its legal sacrifice sunnah muakkadah(highly recommended sunnah). For a person who is able to do so and then he leaves it, he is punished as makruh. This is based on the hadith narrated by Bukhari and Muslim that the Prophet had sacrificed with two kibasy goats, both of which were blackish white and had horns. He himself slaughtered the sacrifice, and recited the name of Allah and took takbir (when cutting it).
From Umm Salamah ra, the Holy Prophet said, "And if you have seen the hilal (date) of the entry of the month of Dzul Hijjah, and one of you wants to sacrifice, then let him leave his hair and nails.. " HR Muslim
The meaning of the words of the Prophet, " want to sacrifice"Is the argument that this sacrifice is sunnah, not obligatory.
It was narrated from Abu Bakr and Umar that they both had never made a sacrifice for their families, because both were afraid that the sacrifice was considered obligatory.
The Wisdom of Sacrifice
Sacrificial worship is mandated by God to remember History of Eid Al Adha himself experienced by Prophet Ibrahim as and as an effort to provide convenience on the day of Eid, as said by the Prophet Muhammad, "These days are none other than the days of eating and drinking and making dhikr to Allah Azza wa Jalla. "
Animals Allowed for Sacrifice
The animals that are allowed for sacrifice are camels, cows (buffalo) and goats. For other than these three types are not allowed. Allah SWT said, "so that they will chant the name of Allah on the livestock which Allah has given them.(Al-Hajj: 34).
And it is considered adequate to sacrifice with a sheep that is half a year old, a Javanese goat that is one year old, a cow that is two years old, and a camel that is five years old, be it male or female. This is in accordance with the traditions below:
From Abu Hurairah ra said, I have heard Rasulullah SAW say, "The best sacrificial animal is a goat that is jadza '(powel / one year old)."(HR Ahmad and Tirmidhi).
From Uqbah bin Amir ra, I said, O Messenger of Allah, I have jadza ', Rasulullah SAW replied, "Sacrifice with it."(Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim).
From Jabir ra, the Messenger of Allah said, "Do not sacrifice animals except those that are one year old and above, if it is difficult for you, then slaughter the sheep Jadza '."
Sacrifice with the Castrated Goat
It is okay to sacrifice with a castrated goat. Narrated by Ahmad from Abu Rafi ', that Rasulullah saw sacrificed with two kibasy goats, both of which were white mixed with black and again castrated. Because the meat is tastier and tastier.
Animals Not Allowed to Sacrifice
The conditions for the animal for sacrifice were the stars free from disgrace (defects). Therefore, it is not permissible to sacrifice with disgraceful animals as below: 1. Whose disease is clearly visible. 2. The blind and clearly visible blindness 3. Whose bone marrow is absent, because it is very thin.
Rasulullah SAW said, "There are four diseases in sacrificial animals for which the sacrifice is not sufficient. Namely the blind with visible blindness, and the very sick and sickly visible, the very lame, and the emaciated. " (HR Tirmidhi while saying this hadith is hasan sahih) 4. Those with defects, namely those whose ears or horns were mostly missing.
Apart from the five animals above, there are other animals that are not allowed for sacrifice, namely:
1. Hatma '(toothless front teeth, all of them) .2. Ashma '(whose horn skin is broken). 3. Umya '(blind) .4. Taula '(who forage on plantations, are not pastured). 5. Jarba '(who has a lot of scurvy).
Nor is it okay to sacrifice with animals that are silent, whose tail is cut off, which are pregnant, and where there is no part of their ears or most of their rump. According to the most valid in the Shafi'i school, it is insufficient for the buttocks / buttocks to be cut off, as well as those whose nipples are not there, due to the loss of some of the edible organs. Likewise, the tail is cut off. Imam Shafi'i said, "We don't get hadiths about teeth at all."
Time for Slaughtering Sacrificial Animals
For sacrifice, it is required not to be slaughtered after sunrise on the day of 'Eid al-Adha. After that, you can slaughter it on any day, including the Tasyrik days, either night or day. After three days there was no more time to slaughter him.
From al-Barra 'ra the Holy Prophet said, "In fact, the first time we do this today (Eid al-Adha) is we pray, then we go back and cut the sacrifice. Whoever does that means he will get our Sunnah. And whoever slaughtered before that, then the slaughter was none other than the meat he offered to his family which did not belong to the sacrificial service at all."
Abu Burdah said, "On the day of Nahar, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) preached before us, he said: 'Whoever prays according to our prayers and faces our Qibla, and worships in our way of worship, then he does not slaughter the qirban before he pray'. "
In another hadith, the Messenger of Allah said, "Whoever slaughtered before praying, actually he slaughtered for himself. And whoever slaughtered after the prayer and sermon, in fact he had perfected and he received the sunnah of the Muslims."(Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim).
Join in the Sacrifice
In sacrificing, it is permissible to join if the sacrificial animal is a camel or cow (buffalo). Because, a cow (buffalo) or camel applies to seven people if they all intend to sacrifice and taqarrub to Allah SWT.
From Jabir ra said, "We slaughtered a sacrifice with the Prophet at Hudaibiyyah a camel for seven people, as well as a cow (buffalo)."(Reported by Muslim, Abu Daud, and Tirmidhi)
Distribution of Sacrificial Meat
It was prescribed for those who sacrificed to eat the sacrificial meat, presented it to their relatives, and gave it to the needy. Rasulullah saw said, "Eat and give food to (the poor) and keep it."
In this case the scholars say, what is afdhal is to eat one-third of the meat, give one-third of it and save one-third of it.
Sacrificial meat may be transported (transferred) even to other countries. However, it cannot be sold, nor the skin. And, not to give a butcher as a wage. Butchers are entitled to receive it as employee benefits. People who sacrifice can give charity and can take the sacrifice to be used (eaten).
According to Abu Hanifah, it is permissible to sell the skin and the money to be donated or buy useful items for the house.
The Sacrificer Slaughtered Himself
People who sacrifice who are good at slaughtering are sacrificed to slaughter their sacrificial animals themselves. When slaughtering is put down read, "Bismillahi Allahu Akbar, Allahumma haadza 'an? " (In the name of Allah and Allah is the Greatest, O Allah this sacrifice is from? [State his name]).
Because, Rasulullah saw slaughtered a goat and read, "Bismillahi wallahu Akbar, Allahumma haadza 'anni wa'an man lam yudhahhi min ummati."(Narrated by Abu Daud and Tirmidhi).
If the person making the sacrifice is not good at slaughtering, he should attend and witness the slaughter.
From Abu Sa'id al-Khudri ra, the Messenger of Allah said, "O Fatimah, wake up. And behold your sacrifice. Because, a drop of blood will ask forgiveness for every sin you have committed. And read: 'Verily, my prayers, my worship - my victims - my life, and my death are to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. And for that I was ordered. And I am the ones who first surrendered to Allah, 'A friend then asked,' O Messenger of Allah, is this for you and your family specifically or for the Muslims in general? ' Rasulullah SAW replied, 'Even for Muslims in general'."
By KH. Ishomuddin (Lecturer at FAI Univ Darul Ulum Jombang)http://jombang.nu.or.id/apa-dan-bimana-kurban
Can I sacrifice with female goats or female cows? Do you have to always be male both in sacrifice and in aqiqah (akikah)? Some people argue that this is not allowed. But of course our reference is not what people think. Everything is returned to the arguments and words of the scholars.
Allah Ta'ala said,
" For every community We appointed a rite of sacrifice so that they may pronounce the Name of Allah over the sacrificial animals He has provided for them. For your God is only One God, so submit yourselves to Him ˹alone˺. And give good news ˹O Prophet˺ to the humble" (Surah Al Hajj: 34).
Asy Syairozi said, "It is okay to sacrifice with male and female animals."
Then Asy Shirozi brought the evidence from Umm Kurz, from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he said,
"Boys should be qiqahi with 2 goats, while girls should be with 1 goat. It is okay for you to choose a male or female from the goat. " (Narrated by An Nasai no. 4222 and Abu Daud no. 2835. Al Hafizh Abu Thohir said that this hadith is authentic).
After bringing this argument, Asy Syairozi rahimahullah said, "If it is permissible for males and females in aqiqah based on the hadith above, it is the same as sacrifice (udhiyah) can be male or female. Because male goat meat is more delicious (thoyyib). Meanwhile, female goats are wetter. " (See Al Majmu ', 8: 222)
Imam Nawawi rahimahullah gave information to Asy Syairozi's explanation, "The legal requirements for sacrifice, sacrificial animals must come from livestock, namely camels, cows and goats. It also includes various types of camels, all types of cows and all types of goats, namely sheep, ma'iz and the like. Meanwhile, other than livestock such as deer and donkeys, it is not legal as sacrificial animals without any disputes among the scholars. Likewise, it is legal to sacrifice the male and female animals of all the livestock. There is no mistake at all about this in our opinion. " (Al Majmu ', 8: 222).
From here it is clear, it is permissible or legal to sacrifice or marry a goat or female cow.
Male or female sacrifices are an annual topic of discussion that Muslims always talk about. Because every Muslim certainly endeavors to provide sacrificial animals as well as possible, as far as possible and of course most importantly.
Before discussing further about male or female sacrificial animals, we need to know the rationale for making sacrifice and the law of sacrifice.
The arguments that provide for the sacrifice
The basis for sacrificial worship can be read in QS. Al-Kautsar verse 2 as follows:
Meaning: "So pray for your Lord, and sacrifice (as worship to get closer to Allah)."
While the argument based on the Prophet's hadith, namely the hadith of Imam Bukhari's history from Anas bin Malik, is as follows:
Meaning: "Prophet SAW. sacrifice with two fat and horned goats. I saw the Prophet. put both feet on the shoulders of the goat, then the Prophet. read basmalah, takbir and slaughter with his own hands. "
In addition, there is also a hadith narrated by Imam Ahmad and Ibn Majah from Abu Hurairah, the Prophet. say;
Meaning: "Whoever gets space but does not sacrifice, then he should not approach our place of prayer."
Those were the arguments that emphasized the sacrifice. There is still one discussion before getting into what animal sacrifices are the main, male or female sacrifices. Namely regarding the law of sacrifice.
The law of sacrifice on Eid al-Adha is the sunnah muakkad. However, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) never left this worship, even since it was prescribed until he died. So it can be said that this sacrifice is mandatory for the Prophet Muhammad. This is based on one of his sayings narrated by at-Tirmidhi;
Meaning: "I was ordered (obliged) to sacrifice, and that is a sunnah for you" (Narrated by At-Tirmidhi).
The legal provisions of the sunnah muakkad were pinned by Imam Malik and Imam Shafi'i. Meanwhile, Imam Abu Hanifah said that for people who are able and not traveling, the law is obligatory.
In the Imam Syafii school of thought, the sunnah muakkad here is kifayah. So if one family already sacrifices with enough animals for seven people, such as cows, buffaloes and camels. So, other family members no longer have the pressure to sacrifice. This Sunnah is also imposed on people who are mature, intelligent and capable.
Muhammad al-Khathib asy-Syarbini, in al-Iqna 'fi halli Alfazhi Abi ash-Syuja' said that the law of sacrifice is the sunnah muakkad which is kifayah if there are many in one family, so if one of them has done it it is sufficient to everything, if not then it becomes Sunnah others. While mukhatab (people who are subject to khitab / burden of worship) are Muslims who are free, mature, intelligent and capable.
After knowing the original law of sacrifice, namely the sunnah muakkad, we now enter into the criteria for sacrificial animals.
Criteria for Sacrificial Animals
To find out which is greater, male or female sacrifice. We must read about the good criteria for sacrificial animals.
Explicitly, it turns out that there is no text, either the Koran or a hadith, which discusses the virtues of male or female sacrificial animals. However, the scholars confirmed the issue of the sex of the sacrificial animals with the animals intended for aqiqah.
In Al-Majmū 'Syarḥ al-Muhadzzab, Imam An-Nawawi has also explained this. According to him, the sex of the sacrificial animals is analogous to the hadith which explains the ability to use both male and female animals for aqiqah.
Meaning: "And it is permissible to sacrifice with both male and female animals. As referring to a hadith narrated by Umm Kuraz from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam, that he once said "(aqiqah) for boys are two goats and for women one goat. Either male or female, it doesn't matter. "
According to Imam Nawawi, the type of male or female animal is not a problem, so it is the same with the sacrifice. There are no problems and nothing more important.
Meaning: "If in terms of aqiqah alone it is allowed on the basis of the hadith, then this shows the ability to use both male and female animals in sacrifices. Because male meat is more delicious than female meat, and female meat is more moist. " (See: An-Nawawi, al-Majmū 'Syarḥ Muhazzab, Beirut, Dār al-Fikr, j. 8, p. 392)
This is the answer which is more important between male or female sacrifice. Nothing is more important. The most important thing is to meet the criteria as stated earlier.
Tips for Choosing a Sacrificial Animal
To perform a sacrifice, one must choose between raising livestock by themselves or buying from a market or animal sacrificial outlet. Of course, criteria such as adequate age, have experienced a change of teeth, no disease (such as lack of appetite, fever, scabies, excreta (waste) from the nostrils, dull and standing hair, sunken and dirty eyes, diarrhea, and weakness ), and not experiencing any disabilities.
As additional information when choosing sacrificial animals, because healthy sacrificial animals have wet nostrils (not due to flu), clean and shiny fur, normal breath and heart rate, normal appetite, clean drinking holes and pink in color. Allah knows best
In Arabic the word aqiqah means cutting, but it is also often interpreted as an animal to be slaughtered. In addition, some scholars also interpret aqiqah as the process of shaving a newborn's hair on the seventh, fourteenth or twenty-first day after birth. In essence, according to the term, aqiqah is the slaughter of animals which is usually done after a newborn or when he shaves his hair for the first time on the seventh, fourteen or twenty-first day. The animals that are slaughtered during the ritual are goats or sheep.
The law of carrying out Aqiqah is sunah muakkadah or it is emphasized that the process is very important, if Muslims who perform this worship have the ability and space for wealth.
From Samuroh bin Jundub, the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, "Every child is mortgaged according to his akikah, is slain for him on the seventh day, has his hair shaved and given a name." (Narrated by Abu Daud no. 2838, An Nasai no. 4220, Ibn Majah nil. 3165, Ahmad 5/12. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith is authentic).
What if Aqiqah missed the Seventh Day?
The Malikiyah scholars argue that aqiqah will fall if it is missed from the seventh day. Meanwhile, the Ulama Hambali argued that if you missed the seventh day, the ritual could be carried out on the fourteenth day and if not on the fourteenth day it could be on the twenty-first day. And Syafi'iyah scholars say that aqiqah is still the responsibility of the father until the time the child reaches puberty. If you are an adult, I will die. However, children have the choice to marry themselves. See Al Mawsu'ah Al Fiqhiyyah, 30: 279.
The author of the book Mughnil Muhtaj, Asy Syarbini rahimahullah said, "If you have reached the age of adulthood, let the child taqiqah themselves to find those who have missed." (Mughnil Muhtaj, 4: 391).
Aqiqah When Adults
Shaykh Muhammad bin Sholih Al 'Uthaimin rahimahullah said, "The law of aqiqah is of sunnah mu'akkad for those who are able (to have property). Aqiqah for boys with two goats while for girls with one goat. If it is sufficient to provide a goat for a boy, that is also allowed.
The suggestion to carry out the worship is the responsibility of the father (who bears the breadth of the child). If when the time is recommended for aqiqah, which is on the seventh day of birth and the parents are in a state of poverty (incapacity), then he is not ordered to do so. Because Allah Ta'ala said (which means), "Fear Allah as much as you can" (Surah At Taghobun: 16). But if when the time is recommended for marriage, the parents are well off, then marriage is still an order for the father, not the mother and not the child. " (Liqo-at Al Bab Al Maftuh, Shaykh Muhammad bin Sholih Al 'Utsaimin, cassette 214, no. 6)
Based on the explanation above, it can be concluded that the sunnah of implementing aqiqah will fail when it is an adult. There is no Hadith that supports or commands one to carry out the ritual when we are adults. Essentially Aqiqah is the responsibility of the parents and not the child. And if you want to continue to carry out the ritual when you grow up, it will still be the responsibility of your parents. Judging whether at birth, parents are in a state of being able or not. If you are unable at that time, then there is no need for aqiqah because it is not compelling. If they are able at that time, then let the parents fulfill aqiqah for their children. Wallahua'alam Bisahwab ...
For an affordable and reliable Aqiqah Service go to https://www.sgaqiqah.com/#/
For the father and mother who are waiting for the birth of their baby and want to plan the implementation of aqiqah, are they still confused or maybe you already have a picture? For new couples it may still be unfamiliar with the ritual event and there was a sense of confusion in preparing it. Yaps! In this article, SG Aqiqah will share tips on what to pay attention to when planning your little one's aqiqah when it is born.
This ritual is a form of gratitude for a servant to Allah SWT. The law of aqiqah is the sunnah of muakad. It is highly recommended for those who are able and of course there are rewards for those who carry it out. Aqiqah itself means slaughtering. The animals that are commonly slaughtered for this ritual are goats or sheep. Usually done when the baby is 7 days old, provided that the concerned is in a capable condition. However, if you can't, you can do it on another day when you are able.
For Father and Mother who are currently planning their little one's aqiqah, let's see what things must be considered.
Planning a Budget Right from the Start
Father and Mother must be able to plan a budget well, it can be started by planning the details by making a schedule for organizing the event. Plan through the estimated days the baby is born. It is recommended that the program be held on the 7th, 14th and 21st day after birth. Or it could be on another day, as long as the child has not passed his puberty.
By planning a date for the implementation of aqiqah it will be easier to describe other needs. That way father and mother can balance to meet the necessary budget, because there is a period of time.
Determining the Concept of Aqiqah
If you want to hold an affordable event, you should also determine what the concept of the event is like. Because the concept of the event will have a lot of influence on the budget that is issued. The simpler the concept that is planned for the event, the less it will cost.
Plan the concept of aqiqah event that is simple but still has the same meaning. Usually, in the event it is enough to present an ustadz to be able to accompany and lead the prayer event together at the ritual event.
Invitation in moderation
Try not to invite too many people to the aqiqah event. Because, the number of invited guests will make you overwhelmed to provide a banquet and this will make this event budget swell.
The thing to remember is that during the Aqiqah event, you have to slaughter a goat or sheep. Don't forget to make sure the goat meat that will be provided is enough for invited guests who are present.
Choosing Suitable Aqiqah Services
The people used to be in general were still preparing for the aqiqah event independently, which would have taken a lot of time and energy. Because of course you have to find animals, slaughter and cook your own sheep or goats.
However, as the times go on to hold the program there is no need to bother wasting time and draining more energy. Parents only need to order according to their wishes through catering services or Aqiqah services.
Along with the times, people are increasingly busy with various activities and jobs. Therefore, when they want to hold an event such as aqiqah, parents can choose to use the services so as not to be bothered, rather than having to cut and process their own dishes.
SG Aqiqah was founded and strives to be a Reliable and Professional Aqiqah Service. With Allah's permission, we are able to carry out and proceed with the amanah given to us. SG Aqiqah Always providing excellent service and presenting various packages, we hope customers can make the most appropriate choice for their special event. Have you made your choice of the aqiqah service you want to use? We, SG Aqiqah always respond fast and are ready to serve wholeheartedly! Ready to be one of our next customers?
What are you waiting for, immediately use the best aqiqah services for your beloved daughters, only at SG Aqiqah, Practical, Reliable, and Professional Services.
Allah commands humans to worship and follow the Sunnah of the Prophet. Of course it has enormous benefits and goals for the good of Muslims. Allah commands prayer, which aims to prevent heinous and evil deeds (Surah Al-Ankabut : 45). Fasting aims to form a pious Muslim personality (QS Al-Baqarah : 183). Zakat aims to cleanse oneself and property (Surah At-Taubah : 103). Likewise with other worship, the sacrificial pilgrimage, aqiqah, or ablution. Everything has a purpose and benefits for humans. In fact, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, there is wisdom for those who are wise (Surah Ali Imran : 190-191).
Aqiqah a form of gratitude for the gifts of Allah
Muslims are recommended to carry out aqiqah worship for newborn babies, namely by slaughtering two goats or sheep for boys and one goat or sheep for girls. Based on the words of the Prophet Muhammad regarding the time of the implementation of aqiqah, the most important thing is on the 7th day from the day of birth. However, if you are unable for some reason or another, it can be carried out on the 14th or 21st day.
During the Jahiiah era, when one of us had a child, he slaughtered a goat and covered its head with the goat's blood. So, after Allah brought Islam, we slaughtered the goat, shaved (shaved) the baby's head, and covered it with perfumed oil. " (Narrated by Abu Dawud from Buraidah).
This is also explained in the hadith narrated by Ibn Hibban. From Aisyah RA, he said, In the past, in the days of ignorance, when they gave alms for a baby, they covered cotton with the blood of aqiqah. Then, when they shave the baby's hair, they smear it on his head. " So, the Prophet SAW said, Replace the blood with perfumed oil. "
Apart from slaughtering animals, in the tradition of aqiqah it is also mandated to shave a baby's hair and give it a good name. Every newborn child was mortgaged with his aqiqah until the animal was slaughtered for him on the seventh day, then shaved and given a name. " (HR Ahmad and Tirmidhi).
When Allah gives the trust to give the trust of a child to us, the obligation as parents is to be grateful for these blessings. Carrying out the ritual is a form of gratitude that was exemplified by the Prophet Muhammad. The other benefits are as follows:
Form of Gratitude
Allah SWT gives various blessings to His servants every day. Starting from health, sustenance in the form of money, to friends or good friends. Everything you must be grateful for. This includes when you and your partner are gifted with a little angel in the middle of the household. As a form of gratitude for this one blessing of Allah, you can also do aqiqah.
"And for the blessings of your Lord, then you should state it (with gratitude)." (Surah Adh-Dhuha : 11).
Disturbance to babies can be anything. One of them is the disturbance that comes from Satan. Children who have been given aqiqah will be better protected as said by Imam Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyah "that his release from the devil was pawned by his aqiqah." So protect the baby by means of aqiqah. It is also mentioned in Tuhfah al-Maudud, page 74, that when a baby is born into the world, he is already bound or restrained by the devil. Aqiqah is a form of parental ransom that is able to free the baby from the demon's restraint. Remember that if the devil's snare is not released, it will be a barrier for the child to do good behavior and commendable deeds for provisions in the afterlife.
Strengthening Relationship Ropes
How can aqiqah strengthen your friendship with other people? When doing this sunnah, you will offer aqiqah to those around you. Of course, by distributing it, the relationship will automatically be established. Who didn't know before, so they know. The public will better know who you are, your family, and the child.
Follow the Prophet Muhammad
From Salman bin 'Amir Adl-Dlabiy, he said: I heard Rasulullah SAW say, "Every child has aqiqah. So slaughter aqiqah animal for him and remove the dirt from it (shave his hair). " (Narrated by Bukhari juz 6, p. 217).
All the actions, behavior, and utterances of the Prophet Muhammad are the best role models for all Muslims. So, if the advice of aqiqah is this straightforward, there is no reason for those of you who are able or in a stable economic condition to be reluctant to slaughter animals and cook them as aqiqah dish.
It has many virtues and a myriad of benefits for both children and parents. So it is advisable for a Muslim who is able to perform aqiqah worship (because he has sufficient assets) to do this main sunnah immediately to achieve the blessings of the afterlife.
What are you waiting for, immediately use the best aqiqah services for your beloved daughters, only at the SG Aqiqah, Practical, Reliable, Reliable, and Professional Aqiqah Services.